Thursday, November 25, 2010

Vacuum in the world for a new philosophy of life

We have capitalism today as our leading economic system in the world. Its grip
is clearly visible in all spheres of life. It stands for complete freedom of
individual and his free spirit; outwardly a very pleasing outlook on life. But
it also advocates 'one for one self' ideology. When every one attempts to
achieve progress for oneself, it will naturally lead to every one's progress
according to one's native ability.

This arrangement will naturally lead to competition. Every one try to excel over
the other. This is accepted as natural phenomenon in capitalism. It creates
inequality too, that again accepted by capitalism as natural. In short, the man to man
relation that capitalism stands for is not much different from our old time
jungle way of life, with its natural inequality, natural competition and natural progress
of the strongest!

Capitalism has indeed created wealth for man on earth. But wealth for a
minority few at the top. If it was 75% of world's wealth in the hands of 25%
privileged men a few decades ago, it is almost 85% in the hands of 15% such men
today! The results of this 'natural' inequality is in front of our eyes -
- in the form of wide spread unrest and violence at all corners of the world.

What man want is his little free space, and his little freedom to be himself.
For the 85% majority, life has to be lived in a world meant for the 15%
elite. They fail to connect themselves with the mainstream society, which is not
theirs. They are alienated, though food situation and shelter situation is some
what adequate. Man can not live on meeting the needs of the mouth alone! He has
his spiritual needs too. He is not flesh alone like animals.

Communism lost its war too:

Communism intended to 'EMANCIPATE' man from his attachment with private
property and possessions naturally associated with capitalism. Hence they
proposed all property to belong to the state. People were asked to live in a
closely knit commune called the country, working for the collective goals of
the community. Great ideal indeed, but here too, man's spiritual need of
freedom as a person was not met. If the entrepreneur was the MASTER is capitalism, he was replaced by the PARTY LEADERSHIP in communism ! The control over the followers, or the common-party men,was worse than that under-capitalism.Communist nations had become notorious for their suppression of the freedom of citizens in modern-age. 

Communism collapsed as an alternative ideology to capitalism in about 150 years of its existence in the world. After the collapse of Russia, the leading LEFTIST nation in the world, next communist power had switched-over to Capitalism lately. Though LEFTIST ideology still exists in many isolated pockets of the world as an abstract-hope/symbol of the working class, or that of the victims of suppression under capitalist model of society, they show no inclination or ideological-spirit to BRING-IN A NEW MODEL OF SOCIETY,where one could treat the other with due dignity, and a regime that act as true catalyzing agent for ensuring such a progressive and liberal attitude in regime vs.citizen relation, and man relation.  

Both systems claimed as natural law:

Man always felt in history that, his purely speculative designs and ways on society were  not correct. Every philosopher wanted to invent nature's hidden laws and apply it his theories. Both capitalists and
communists thought, theirs was the law natural. But the results of both the
ideologies were not supportive of the claim, as we have seen in the world.

What could be nature's ultimate law about man to man relation?

Before attempting to answer this eternal question, let us probe into the
metaphysical constitution of man's personality. If we leave the question of
man's inner spirit for a while, and concentrate on how his surface EGO is
made, the seeker will easily find its connection with the 'OTHER' in its making.

Our 'self-hood' is basically constituted by the way others perceive us. A child
does not know who, or what he is. The mother is the first 'other' in his life
who gives him his first identity. The child identify himself as an 'object' in
the eyes of the mother. 'Lovers' story also would support this metaphysical
truth. The new shine and sparkle about one self that the LOVER usually
experiences is nothing but the way in which his/her partner looks at him/her in
the heightened romantic mood! When Love fails, one falls flat to the ground, to
the usual indifferent attitude of his usual relations. He feels miserable!

It is not easy to realize the truth of this proposition, but with some good effort
every one will realize its unfailing reality. We are nothing but what others think
of us. When we behave in a particular way, and when it is perceived and reacted
by others in our circle, we form a picture of ourselves. Their reaction
provides tangibility for the reality of  me. It becomes reality to me only when
the other see me. At a broader level, this seems to be the metaphysical dynamics
of  the whole creation  - - -the COSMIC UNITY turning into the mandatory DUALITY of
subjects and objects, for the sake of origin of the ENTITIES, in the act of mutual

We do not know who we are, till the other reacts to us. The other is a kind of
mirror where we see ourselves, and form our picture and identity. Ego is generally a social

Hence one need the other very badly to remain as a person. Hence, when we hate
and despise the other, it reflects upon us too. We too are despised and hated.

The latest found wisdom of mankind - -the science of ecology- -effectively
reveals the truth of this proposition. We used to fear and kill snakes, tigers
and many species around us,fearing for our safety. But now our experience and
wisdom teaches us that it we do not care for our environment, and each and every
item in it, such environment would turn our enemy and kill us in due course! For
self survival, man has painfully learned the lesson of looking after every item
in one's environment. 

Now he takes all the care NOT to disturb trees,mountains,sea and rivers.
The old world-view of EXPLOITING the nature and defeating her**, to celebrate man's victory over her has now sadly been given way for ECOLOGY, though its straight ideological opposition with old Darwinian outlook is still not being widely propagated.

** See the old view of Science about its one and only role of defeating nature:
 Francis Bacon, an early days champion of modern science called-up on science to:  
Ø      ‘Haunt’ nature in her wanderings
Ø       She should be bound into service    
Ø       Made her a slave
Ø       Put her in constraint
Ø        Torture-out the secrets of from her

( words ‘haunt’ and ‘torture-out’ refer to old Europe’s witch hunt-tradition.

Ecology's  social-lesson   

Who can deny that for man, the 'other man' is not the closest item in one's
social environment? Unlike what Ayn Rand ( modern age's most extreme capitalism supporter) had put
it, it is not out of ALTRUISM that the capitalist has to care for the less
privileged, but out of the compulsions of the above seen NATURAL LAW. While
'altruism' is a moral burden, caring for the other person on the ground of a natural law is pure wisdom. The old word  'LOVE'  can be understood by mankind  in this special meaning now. It can be understood as mere 'valuing' the other the way ECOLOGY teach us. Love was earlier thought to be a moral burden. When LOVE is realized as mere 'valuing' the other, it becomes a simple and direct philosophy of life for the enlightened modern man ! Here life could suddenly turn spiritual, without any stigma of  blind FAITH attached to it.

When the 'other' VALUE me as a way and principle of life, I gain my self worth
naturally. My fear for the other gets reduced. When my self-worth is intact,
when its value is realized by me, I will take all the care NOT to violate the
self worth of the other. Such mutual valuing can become a way of life in due
course, like ECOLOGY is turning a way of life for all nations today.

If man can learn this
existential urgency and inevitability of caring for the other as a
natural law, where exists the need for different faiths and religions? One's
faith, or religion in which one has born is like his skin colour, or his food
habit that he got from is parents. It is tightly worn by one's self. It is the
stuff with which one's entity is made. It is difficult to change by any kind of
persuasion or propaganda. There is no need also to change one's faith or

The change is needed at one's attitude towards one self and at the same degree
of importance, also towards the other.
States' role in defining these core attitudes of citizens:

Ayn Rand said America lost its original obsession and passion for individual
liberty and personal dignity of citizens after the shift of governmental
priority towards ECONOMIC centrality of governance. Life of State, as well as
life of citizens has got reduced into narrow economic dimension. Democracy, the
last of man's political systems also followed suit. It has become a meek maid
in the hands of capitalistic ideology. Democracy is being used by professional
politicians as a means to attain power and enjoy the fruits of governmental
formation. This exercise has become a mater of typical capitalistic

Today mankind can think of bringing forth any change to man's life only by
reinventing DEMOCRACY. If the runners of the state- the political class, willingly raise themselves as true representatives of man’s collective wisdom and Reason, they can act like ELDERS of people and take up the task of reinventing democracy, and make it the true vehicle for emancipating man back to his intended freedom and liberty. Only the men in power could bring forth such revolutionary ideological shifts intellectually. If the  subjugated  people  attempt  this task, it may not be feasible without revolutionary means. But media, if assumes their true role of being society’s  conscience, the task could be achieved fast, and more meaningfully and peacefully!

 When Democracy is redefined on the lines suggested by us, and states become ready to embrace above facts of life, life of man would be re-defined in the world.

Authored by : Abraham J.Palakudy
Founder: Conscience of the Society, a initiative in philosophical Research in to man's existence, polity and mind.


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